WERVEL WIND IN THE MIDDLE EAST
Wervel Wind Journeys into the topic of . . .
HOW OLD IS THE GREAT PYRAMID?
It depends on who you ask. But the answer almost always supports a series of deeply held beliefs. Take Zahi Hawass, for
example. He is the current Egyptian Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities. Through his literature and appearances on documentaries, he repeats a constant refrain: the Great Pyramid was built by Egyptians and for Egyptians. To Dr. Hawass, there is little doubt that the Great Pyramid was built during the reign of Pharaoh Khufu, 2589 B.C.E to 2566 B.C.E. As support, Dr. Hawass points to, among other evidence, worker graffiti on some of the inside blocks that mention Khufu. Since only the builders of the
pyramids had access to the inside of these pyramid blocks, Dr. Hawass and others confirm it must have been Khufu. Another piece of evidence is the cartouche--or hieroglyphic signature--of Khufu found in a hidden chamber of the Great Pyramid. The cartouche would clearly be strong evidence in itself, except that there is also strong evidence to support the theory that the "cartouche" was faked by its discoverer, Howard Vyse, in 1837. The worker’s graffiti likewise could have been faked. But why fake evidence? Isn't science blind to sentiment? Apparently not when it comes to Ancient Egypt. When you hear the emotion of Dr. Hawass regarding the identity of the Pyramid Builders, perhaps you get an idea of the emotion behind the theories: Dr. Hawass emphatically states that these fantastic structures were BUILT BY EGYPTIANS! Not aliens. Not astronauts. Not Atlanteans, and not Jewish slaves. Since Dr. Hawass is the director of all archeology in
One of Dr. Hawass’ main supporters is Dr. Mark Lehner, an American who came to the
Keying on the skill needed to set even one of the stones of the Great Pyramid (there of estimates of 2.3 million stones, most weighing between 2 and 30 tons, but some as much as 70 tons), Alan Alford asks a question that no one has answered: why is the Great Pyramid the only structure exhibiting certain revolutionary design and building techniques? It would be as if the first sky scraper ever built was the
In his book Voyages of the Pyramid Builders , Boston University geology professor Robert Schoch noted that the radiocarbon studies of the Great Pyramid contained contradictions: samples from the upper portions of the Great Pyramid were dated at 3809 B.C. (± 160 years), which is nearly 1400 years before Khufu's reign, while the samples of the lower portions were dated between 3090 and 2723 B.C (± 100-400 years). Since the dates of the lower portions correspond much more closely to the time Khufu is believed to have reigned, it would have to follow that Khufu built this lower portion after another pharaoh built the top portion. Based on the dating evidence, the top portion of the Great Pyramid must have hovered above while Khufu built the bottom portion. Could the Great Pyramid have been built from the the top down? Impossible, says Dr. Schoch. He argues, like Alford, that Khufu inherited the great structure and might have performed repairs but surely was not the builder.
Other dating theories abound, each with a plausible scientific basis. For instance, Robert Bauval believes that the apex of the Great Pyramid aligns with Orion’s Belt as it stood in the sky in the year 10,450 B.C.E. This alignment would have been the first such occurrence in relation to the star's relative location to Giza. Strangely, Bauval holds that even though the Great Pyramid foundation was "aligned" in 10,450 B.C.E., it was not actually built until 2450 BCE, which, in Bauval’s own admission is an “enormously drawn-out period.”
Strangely enough, there are no hieroglyphics or writings in the Great Pyramid. But some scholars have deciphered the extensive hieroglyphs in the nearby pyramids of